 Prepare a list of possible outcomes (of activities). For the outcomes chain do not list the actual activities and processes.
 Cluster the outcomes and give a working label to each cluster of outcomes
 Arrange the working labels into 1 or more chains of ‘if then’ statements. For example, 'if this happens then this will happen…'.
 Connect labels with arrows and identify any feedback loops
 Verify with different stakeholders and roleplayers

 Start by briefly describing your programme strategy
 Next, identify the immediate outcomes to be achieved through the strategy by saying ‘so that...'.
 Continue with the ‘so that’ chain to identify subsequent outcomes, working from immediate outcomes to ultimate outcomes (impact).
 Remember to list the outcomes to be achieved through the activities – not the activities themselves.
 Connect with arrows and identify any feedback loops
 Verify with different stakeholders and roleplayers

 Identify a clear long term outcome (impact) to be achieved
 Then start to design a simple map of the preconditions required to bring about the longterm outcome. Thus you are asking: For this to happen what needs to happen first/or what needs to be in place for x to happen?
 Remember to list the outcomes to be achieved through activities – not the activities themselves.
 Connect with arrows and identify any feedback loops
 Verify with different stakeholders and roleplayers
